Experiencing urinary issues, such as difficulty starting urination, weak stream, or frequent night-time urges? These could be signs of prostate problems. Our Prostate Test Kit measures PSA levels, a key indicator of prostate health. Early detection is vital for addressing potential issues effectively. Prioritise your prostate health and stay informed.
This kit is designed to be used at home with help from a medical professional or in a medical facility such as a clinic. It detects PSA levels in the blood.
By analysing just a small drop of your blood taken from your finger, you can test to see if there is evidence of heightened levels of PSA in your sample. PSA is the most useful and meaningful tumour marker for prostate cancer and prostate infection of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
Our at-home test kit has a very high accuracy rate (almost 99%) and gives results in just five minutes. A positive result should be taken to your doctor for further investigation.
This test makes use of a combination of colloidal gold conjugate and anti-PSA antibodies to selectively detect total PSA in whole blood, serum or plasma. The test has a cut-off value of 4ng/ml.
The test’s membrane is pre-coated with PSA antibodies on the test line region. During testing, the specimen reacts with the particle coated with anti-PSA antibody. The mixture migrates upward on the membrane chromatographically by capillary action to react with anti-PSA antibodies on the membrane and generate a coloured line.
To serve as a procedural control, a coloured line will always appear in the control line region (C) indicating that the proper volume of specimen has been added and membrane wicking has occurred.
Our Prostate Testing Kit contains everything you need to test PSA levels in the blood. There is no need to send off the sample to a lab to obtain the results.
Inside the box you will find:
1 x alcohol swab
1 x lancet
1 x capillary tube
1 x test cassette
1 x tube of buffer solution
1 x set of instructions
Almost 50,000 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer in the UK every year, and while around 60% are aged 65 or older, men of all ages can be affected.
Cancer Research UK states that prostate cancer accounts for 14% of all cancer cases in the UK and that rates are rising.
The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland that produces seminal fluid, and some of the common symptoms associated with cancer of the prostate gland include difficulty urinating, blood in the urine or semen, bone pain, erectile dysfunction, loss of weight and a reduction in force when urinating.
Many prostate cancers can be treated – especially when caught early.
Specimen collection & preparation
The Prostate health test can be performed using whole blood (from venipuncture or fingerstick), serum or plasma.
To collect fingerstick whole blood specimens:
Wash the patient’s hand with soap and warm water or clean with an alcohol swab, then allow to dry. Massage the hand without touching the puncture site by rubbing down the hand towards the fingertip of the middle or ring finger.
Puncture the skin with a sterile lancet. Wipe away the first sign of blood.
Gently rub the hand from wrist to palm to finger to form a rounded drop of blood over the puncture site.
Add the fingerstick whole blood specimen to the test by using a capillary tube: Touch the end of the capillary tube to the blood until filled to approximately 80uL. Avoid air bubbles.
Place the bulb onto the top end of the capillary tube, then squeeze the bulb to dispense the whole blood to the specimen area of the test cassette.
Separate serum or plasma from blood as soon as possible to avoid hemolysis.
Testing should be performed immediately after the specimens have been collected.
Allow the test, specimen, buffer and/or controls to reach room temperature (15-30°C) prior to testing.
Remove the test cassette from the sealed pouch and use it within one hour.
Place the cassette on a clean and level surface.
Serum – hold the transfer tube vertically and transfer 1 drop of serum or plasma or 2 drops of blood to the specimen well of the test cassette. Then add 1 drop of buffer and start the timer.
Fingerstick whole blood – fill the capillary tube and transfer 2 drops of blood specimen to the specimen area of the test cassette. Then add 1 drop of buffer and start the timer.
Wait for the coloured line to appear. Read the results 5 minutes after dispensing the specimen. Do not read the results after 10 minutes.
Note: if migration is not observed in the result window after 30 seconds, add one or two extra drops of buffer. It is suggested not to use the buffer, beyond 30 days after opening the vial.
PSA is a protein that is made by both normal and cancerous prostate cells – so it is normal for men to have some PSA in their blood. Men are often screened once they pass 50 to see if they have a raised PSA level.
When doctors screen for prostate cancer, one of the things they are on the lookout for is a high PSA reading. While PSA levels fluctuate according to race and age, among other things, elevated PSA levels are seen as one of the strongest indicators of prostate cancer.
However, PSA levels can be affected by other things, including certain medications and medical procedures, an enlarged prostate and a prostate infection. There are further tests that doctors can perform that can shed further light on an elevated PSA reading.
In many cases, prostate cancer is treatable – Cancer Research UK states that the survival rate for 10 or more years is 78% in England and Wales. Survival rates have tripled in the past 40 years.
As with all cancers, early detection can help boost your chances of successful treatment, and PSA monitoring is considered to be one of the most effective types of prostate cancer screening test.